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Toxicosis of local Anaesthetic

Local anesthetics (referred to as local anesthetics) are divided into lipid local anesthetics and amide local anesthetics. Procaine (nufluvacaine), chloroprocaine, tetracaine and cocaine belong to lipid local anesthetics; Amide local anesthetics lidocaine, mepivacaine, bupivacaine, articaine, procaine and ropivacaine. As local anesthesia, nerve block, intraspinal anesthesia and intravenous anesthesia, the poisoning causes are different, but the poisoning symptoms, signs and treatment are basically similar.

Symptoms

nickel car-bonyI poisoning

Giant hypertrophic gastritis

Echinococcosis

Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis

Acute rheumatic fever renal damage

Acute renal failure

Acute tubular necrosis

Acute tubulointerstitial nephritis

Acute nephritis syndrome

Acute nephritis

Acute pyelonephritis

Crush syndrome

Crossed ectopic kidney with or without fusion

Proximal

Parasitic urinary tract infection

Proximal tubular acidosis

Familial hemorrhagic nephritis

Menstrual sensation

Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis

Renal damage in hyperthyroidism

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