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Sarcoidosis of the elderly

Sarcoidosis is a kind of granulomatous disease with unknown cause. T lymphocytes and mononuclear macrophages are activated at the lesion site, involving multiple systems. Clinically, bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy and lung involvement are the most common, followed by eye and skin involvement. Lesions can also affect other parts of the lymph nodes, liver, spleen, heart, parotid gland, bone and other organs. The diagnosis of this disease depends on histopathological confirmation, excluding tuberculosis, fungal infection and other granulomatous lesions. Glucocorticoid is the main therapeutic drug, which can inhibit the formation of inflammation and granuloma, alleviate clinical symptoms and control the progress of the disease.

Symptoms

Papillary muscle dysfunction and rupture in the elderly

Superior vena cava compression syndrome in the elderly

Chronic bronchitis in the elderly

Senile cardiocerebral syndrome

Ventricular premature contraction in the elderly

Bronchial asthma in the elderly

Streptobacillosis

Separation of aortic dissection in the elderly

Uremic pneumonia of the elderly

Ventricular flutter and ventricular fibrillation in the elderly

Ventricular tachycardia in the elderly

Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome

Senile aortic aneurysm

Sleep apnea syndrome in the elderly

Cardiogenic shock in the elderly

Diabetic heart disease in the elderly

Senile end-stage pneumonia

Vertebrobasilar insufficiency in the elderly

Benign lymphocytic vasculitis and granulomatosis

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis in the elderly

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