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Pulmonary cryptococcosis

Pulmonary cryptococcosis is a subacute or chronic visceral fungal disease caused by Cryptococcus neoformans infection. This fungus belongs to saprophytic yeast, which does not form hyphae and spores and widely exists in nature. Low immune function is the main inducement of the disease. Most of the bacteria are inhaled into the human body from the respiratory tract and form infection foci in the lung. It mainly invades the lung and central nervous system, but it can also invade bones, skin, mucous membrane and other organs. Most healthy people can heal themselves after infection, or the focus is limited to the lung without clinical symptoms. When the resistance is reduced, it will cause the disease and spread to the whole body through blood. The central nervous system is the most vulnerable, so it often suffers from cryptococcal meningitis and pneumonia at the same time. The prognosis is poor.

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