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Open neck injury

The neck includes cervical vertebra, pharynx, larynx, trachea, esophagus and important blood vessels and nerves. The mandible, sternum, clavicle, shoulder and cervical vertebra are supported and protected, but its open injury is still not rare. Open injury of neck can often lead to partial or complete rupture of laryngotracheal, pharyngeal esophagus and cervical spine, and lead to neck emphysema, pneumothorax, hemothorax, even pericardial tamponade and massive hemorrhagic shock. The disease is very dangerous, with a mortality rate of 2% ~ 10%. Therefore, on-site first aid treatment must be carried out immediately. Pay attention to protect the cervical spine during transportation to prevent re operation injury.


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