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Menopause and cardiovascular disease

Compared with men in the same age group, the incidence and mortality of coronary atherosclerotic heart disease in premenopausal women were significantly lower than those in men. In women, the incidence of coronary heart disease increases rapidly after menopause, and is close to that of men in the same age group after the age of 60. Menopause is an independent risk factor for the increase of incidence rate and mortality of cardiovascular diseases. Common cardiovascular diseases in perimenopausal women and postmenopausal women include atherosclerosis (coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, etc.), stroke, hypertension, arrhythmia, etc. Syndrome X is a unique metabolic disorder syndrome proposed by Reaven in the 1980s. It has a statistically internal relationship with cardiovascular disease, that is, it is an important risk factor of cardiovascular disease. Syndrome X includes impaired glucose tolerance, hyperinsulinemia, hyperlipidemia, hypertension and obesity, which are closely related to glucose metabolism, lipid metabolism and insulin resistance.


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