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Lymphopenia

Hereditary lymphopenia can be accompanied by hereditary immunodeficiency disease (see table 135-4 and section 147), which leads to ineffective hematopoiesis of the lymphatic system due to abnormal quality and quantity of stem cells. Other causes, such as Wiskott Aldrich syndrome, can be caused by accelerated destruction of T cells. Patients with adenosine deaminase deficiency and purine nucleotide phosphorylase deficiency develop by the same mechanism. Acquired lymphopenia is a syndrome associated with peripheral blood lymphocyte loss that is not secondary to genetic diseases. AIDS is the most common infectious disease with lymphopenia, which is caused by the destruction of CD4 T cells infected with HIV. In some cases of acute viremia, lymphocytes may be accelerated by virus activation, or may be trapped in the spleen or lymph nodes or migrate to the respiratory tract.

Symptoms

Rotavirus enteritis

Gonococcal proctitis anus

Phosphorus poisoning

Traveller diarrhea

Chlorpromazine poisoning

Elderly obstructive nephropathy

Acute progressive nephritis in the elderly

Acute post infectious nephritis in the elderly

Acute renal failure in the elderly

Chronic renal failure of the elderly

Senile chronic pyelonephritis

Urinary calculi in the elderly

Elderly renal cell carcinoma

Senile urinary incontinence

Senile nephrotic syndrome

Acute glomerulonephritis after streptococcal infection

Benign prostatic hyperplasia of the elderly

Diabetic nephropathy in the elderly

benign prostatic hyperplasia

Benign arteriolar nephrosclerosis caused by essential hypertension in the elderly

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