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liver cancer

Liver cancer refers to malignant tumors that occur in the liver, including primary liver cancer and metastatic liver cancer. People often say that liver cancer refers to primary liver cancer. Primary liver cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in clinic. According to the latest statistics, there are about 600000 new liver cancer patients in the world every year, ranking the fifth among malignant tumors. Primary liver cancer can be divided into hepatocellular carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma and mixed hepatocellular carcinoma. According to the shape of the tumor, it can be divided into nodular type, massive type and diffuse type. Primary liver cancer is a high incidence in China, generally more men than women. China is a big hepatitis B. The development of HCC in China is mostly on the basis of hepatitis B cirrhosis. Hepatitis C patients are also increasing. At present, the number of patients with liver cancer in China accounts for more than half of the world and 55% of the global patients with liver cancer. It has become a major killer seriously threatening the health and life of our people, and its danger can not be underestimated. 85.5% of primary liver cancer belongs to hepatocellular carcinoma. The early symptoms and signs are not obvious or lack specificity. Some patients show swelling and pain in the liver area at the onset, others show acute abdominal pain, or take the symptoms of metastasis as the earliest manifestation. In addition to clinical manifestations, the diagnosis still needs to rely on liver function test and special enzymatic examination. In addition to biopsy, alpha fetoprotein (AFP) has the highest diagnostic accuracy. The survival rate of liver cancer was improved by surgical treatment and comprehensive treatment of traditional Chinese and Western medicine. The incidence rate of liver cancer in all parts of the world is higher in sub Saharan Africa and coastal areas in Asia, while in Europe and the United States is lower incidence rate. The disease can occur in infants from 2 months to 80 years old, and the maximum age of onset is 40 ~ 49 years old. Men have multiple, and the ratio of men to women is 6:1.



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