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High altitude heart disease

High altitude heart disease is characterized by pulmonary hypertension caused by chronic hypobaric hypoxia, with right ventricular hypertrophy or right ventricular dysfunction. It can be divided into children and adults with high altitude heart disease. The disease is prone to occur on the plateau above 3500m, mostly through chronic process. Some new entrants to the plateau, especially children, can have acute or subacute onset. Patients with acute or subacute disease are characterized by right ventricular enlargement and congestive right heart failure caused by significant pulmonary hypertension; Chronic patients are characterized by multiple organ damage caused by right ventricular hypertrophy caused by right ventricular afterload.


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