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hepatopulmonary syndrome

Hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a kind of hypoxemia and a series of pathophysiological changes and clinical manifestations caused by abnormal expansion of pulmonary vessels, disorder of gas exchange and abnormal cooperation of arterial blood oxygen on the basis of chronic liver disease and / or portal hypertension. Its clinical characteristics are: basic liver disease, pulmonary vasodilation and dysfunction of arterial oxygenation after excluding primary cardiopulmonary diseases. The abnormal co-operation of arterial blood oxygen caused by pulmonary gas exchange disorder - the increase of alveolar gas arterial blood oxygen partial pressure and hypoxemia are the important physiological basis of hepatopulmonary syndrome. Hepatopulmonary syndrome is a serious pulmonary complication of end-stage liver disease.


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