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Crossed ectopic kidney with or without fusion

When the kidney is located in the opposite renal fossa, it is called renal cross ectopic. More than 90% of the crossed ectopic kidney fused with its contralateral normal kidney, and the most common was horseshoe kidney malformation. The concept of fused renal abnormality was first proposed by Wilmer in 1938 and extended by McDonald in 1957, including renal cross ectopic with fusion or cross ectopic without fusion. The main types of fused kidney are as follows: ① fused kidney with inferior ectopic; ② C-shaped or S-shaped fused kidney; ③ Massive or cake shaped fused kidney; ④ L-shaped fused kidney; ⑤ Round fused kidney; ⑥ Fused kidney with cephalic ectopia.

Symptoms

Proximal

Parasitic urinary tract infection

Proximal tubular acidosis

Familial hemorrhagic nephritis

Menstrual sensation

Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis

Renal damage in hyperthyroidism

Focal glomerulosclerosis

Pseudoaldosteronism

Interstitial cystitis

Captopril renal damage

muscular dystrophy

Dystonia syndrome

Diaphragmatic paralysis

Myoclonic cerebellar coordination disorder

Basal ganglia calcification

Acute transverse myelitis

Acute suppurative myelitis

Acute suppurative meningitis

Acute necrotizing hemorrhagic encephalomyelitis

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