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Acute respiratory failure

Respiratory failure is a serious clinical disorder caused by various causes of pulmonary ventilation and / or ventilation dysfunction, which leads to no effective gas exchange, leading to hypoxia with (or without *) carbon dioxide retention, resulting in a series of physiological functions and metabolic disorders. Respiratory failure (respiratory failure for short) occurs when the arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) is lower than 8KPa (60mmhg) or the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2) is higher than 6.65kpa (50mmhg) after breathing indoor air under the condition of sea level atmospheric pressure and excluding the anatomical shunt in the heart and the reduction of primary cardiac output.


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